Kurt Eisner and other members of the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD) were arrested during the night of February 1, 1918 and taken to the police headquarters in Ettstraße.
On February 1, 1918, around 8,000 workers had come out on strike in Munich. A meeting of Bayerische Geschützwerke workers at the Schwabinger Brauerei discussed the hunch “that Munich’s Social Democratic labor leaders were not without blame for the arrests of Eisner and his comrades”.
They decided to march on the police headquarters, ask for an explanation for the arrests and demand the prisoners’ release. The 6,000 or so demonstrators marched down Leopoldstraße and Ludwigstraße, turned into Georgenstraße and then Türkenstraße, continued along Barerstraße and Max-Josef-Straße before finally entering Maxburgstraße via Maximiliansplatz.
A delegation of strikers was allowed as far as the cordoned-off police headquarters in Ettstraße, where the chief of police fobbed them off with the explanation that it was not he but the district attorney who was responsible.
Further works meetings and demonstrations were held on that and the two following days, now under the leadership of the newly appointed works committees.
The strike ended with one final rally on the Theresienwiese on Sunday February 3, attended by between 2,000 and 3,000 people. This was followed by another march to the police headquarters through downtown Munich, when the number of demonstrators swelled to around 5,000.
Only a handful of isolated, politically motivated strikes and peace demonstrations took place in Munich and Bavaria as a whole from this point until the dissolution of the state’s administrative and military structures in the fall of 1918.