National Socialism in Munich

Having been founded in Munich in 1919/20, the National Socialist German Workers' Party maintained its headquarters in the city until 1945. It was here that Adolf Hitler and other key figures in the Nazi regime launched their political careers. Various titles were bestowed on the city. Munich was named "Capital of German Art" in 1933 and "Capital City of the Movement" in 1935. Aggressive racial and military programs were drawn up in the city. It was from here that political opposition groups and unwelcome forms of art were suppressed. One of the first concentration camps was built in nearby Dachau. And the systematic persecution of the Jews was initiated from the city. Anyone daring to resist inevitably faced persecution, torture or execution.   

The exhibition presents Munich as the launchpad for the National Socialist movement and the home of Party headquarters. Further themes include the city's art and festivals, and the way they were harnessed to make the Nazi regime more palatable to the public, and the city's role as a media location and a venue for arms manufacturing. Munich as a center of persecution and resistance is another focus (Uhlfelder Department Store).

The concentration is solely on Munich, beginning with the end of World War I in 1918 and ending in 1945. At its heart is the question of how Munich differed from other cities during the National Socialist era.

The exhibition is designed to form part of a memorial to the past which also includes facilities such as the Jewish Museum at St.-Jakobs-Platz and the upcoming Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism at Königsplatz. It creates a platform on which other exhibitions, discussions and events in the city will build.

Publication

A comprehensive exhibition publication „München – Hauptstadt der Bewegung. Bayerns Metropole und der Nationalsozialismus“ is available in German, edited by Brigitte Schütz, Wolfgang Till et al., published by Edition Minerva, 487 pages. It can be purchased at the museum cashier or in our online shop for €22.